XCreds Admin Guide
Sync Your Cloud Password to your Mac
How It Works
XCreds has two components: the XCreds app that runs in user space and XCreds Login window that is a security agent that runs when the user is logging in to their Mac. Both the security agent and the app share keychain items in the user’s keychain to keep track of the current local password and the tokens from the cloud provider. Both items prompt the user with a web view to authenticate to their cloud provider, verify log-in was successful, and then update the local password and user keychain passwords as needed.
XCreds currently works with Azure and Google Cloud as an OIDC identity provider. It has been tested on macOS 13 Ventura and macOS 12 Monterey but should support earlier versions of macOS.
XCreds consists of XCreds Login and XCreds app. They do similar tasks but run at different times.
XCreds Login is a Security Agent that replaces the login window on macOS to provide authentication to the cloud provider. It presents a web view at the login window and fully supports multi-factor authentication. When authentication completes, the web view receives OpenID Connect (OIDC) tokens and stores those tokens in the login keychain. If the local password and the cloud password are different, the local password is updated to match the cloud password and the login keychain password is updated as well. The local password is then stored in the user keychain so that any password changes in the future can be updated silently. Only the security agent and the XCreds app are given permission to access the password and tokens.
The XCreds app runs when the user logs in. On first launch, it checks to see if XCreds tokens are available in the login keychain. If they are, the refresh token is used to see if it is still valid. If it is invalid (due to a remote password change), the user is prompted with a web view to authenticate with their cloud credentials. If they authenticate successfully, the tokens are updated in the login keychain and the password is checked to see if it has been changed. If it changed, the local account and login keychain are updated to match the cloud password.
Download XCreds from the XCreds product page.
To get started with XCreds, follow the instructions below. All resources are within the app itself and setup is configured using command line tools inside the app bundle. Preferences are handled by configuration profiles (see below).
- Install the XCreds package. This will install XCreds.app into your application folder and does not install any other items.
- Install a configuration profile by follow the instructions below under the Configuration section.
- Launch the app by double clicking on it. A new menu item will appear with chasing arrows. A web view will also appear since there are no XCreds tokens in the keychain. Authenticate with your cloud password. You will be prompted for your local password and your local password and keychain password will be updated if it is different from your cloud password.
- XCreds Login is automatically activated when installed. The installer runs this command:
sudo /Applications/XCreds.app/Contents/Resources/xcreds_login.sh -i. This will install an XCreds security agent called
/Library/Security/SecurityAgentPluginsand a launch daemon called
/Library/LaunchDaemons. The launch daemon shows an overlay on the standard login window to return back to XCreds Login. The
authorizationdbis also updated to activate the Security Agent and you can see the new rules by running:
security authorizationdb read system.login.console. A backup copy of the replaced rules is stored in
- Log out of the Mac. The XCreds Login window will be presented. Log in with your cloud credentials.
- XCreds.app will not launch automatically. You can use Login Items in System Preferences to automatically launch XCreds.app or use an MDM policy.
Configuration and settings are handled from a config profile. The discovery URL and client ID values are required. All others are optional. Example mobileconfig files are provided in the instructions for each cloud provider.
Google Cloud Setup
See Google setup instructions.
- To remove XCreds Login, restore the backup security agent rules and remove the launch agent, run:
sudo /Applications/XCreds.app/Contents/Resources/xcreds_login.sh -r
- Drag the XCreds app to the trash.
Basic setup for each cloud provider will work by just installing the example mobileconfig file provided in the instructions for each cloud provider. To change additional preferences, though, the easiest way is to use Profile Creator. Profile Creator can create a new mobileconfig file that sets all desired preferences. After installing Profile Creator, launch the app first and then download the supplied manifest. Copy this manifest file to the following location in Finder:
Next go to Profile Creator and click the “+” button near the top left of the window. Then from the new window that opens, find the navigation bar on the left near the middle and select the Apps icon. Then scroll all the way to the bottom and find the line for XCreds. Drag XCreds from the bottom up to the top left below the item that says “General – 1 payload”. Once this is done Profile Creator will show a form with information and options for all XCreds preferences. The following preference keys can then be set and managed.
discoveryURL (string): The discovery URL provided by your OIDC / Cloud provider. For Google it is typically
https://accounts.google.com/.well-known/openid-configuration and for Azure it is typically
clientID (string): The OIDC client id public identifier for the app.
clientSecret (string): Client Secret is sometimes required by identity provider.
CreateAdminUser (bool): When set to true and the user account is created, the user will be a local admin.
EnableFDE (bool): Enabled FDE enabled at first login on APFS disks.
EnableFDERecoveryKey (bool): Save the Personal Recovery Key (PRK) to disk for the MDM Escrow Service to collect.
EnableFDERecoveryKeyPath (string): Specify a custom path for the recovery key.
EnableFDERekey (bool): Rotate the Personal Recovery Key (PRK).
scopes (string): Scopes tell the identify provider what information to return. Note that the values are provided with a single space between them.
Provide the following values the follow IdPs:
Google: profile openid email Azure: profile openid offline_access
Note that Google does not support the
offline_access scope so instead use the preference
shouldSetGoogleAccessTypeToOffline. Azure provides
unique_name which is mapped to the local user account by using the prefix before “@” in unique_name and matching to the short name of a user account. Google provides “email” and is matched in the same way.
shouldSetGoogleAccessTypeToOffline (bool): When using Google IdP, a refresh token may need to be requested in a non-standard way.
shouldShowCloudLoginByDefault (bool): When not set or set to true, show cloud login. If false, shows Mac login.
shouldShowConfigureWifiButton (bool): Show Configure WiFi button in XCreds Login.
shouldShowMacLoginButton (bool): Show the Mac Login Window button in XCreds Login.
shouldShowSupportStatus (bool): Show message in XCreds Login reminding people to buy support.
shouldShowQuitMenu (bool): Show Quit Menu Item in the menu.
shouldShowVersionInfo (bool): Show the version number and build number in the lower left corner of XCreds Login.
redirectURI (string): the URI passed back to the webview after successful authentication. Default value:
refreshRateHours (integer): The number of hours between checks. Default value: 3. Minimum value: 1. Max value: 168.
showDebug (bool): Show push notifications for authentication progress. Default value: false
verifyPassword (bool): When cloud password is changed and the local keychain password and local user account needs to be changed, a verification dialog can be shown to verify the password. Default value: true
loginWindowBackgroundImageURL (string): url to an image to show in the background while logging in. Default value:
file:///System/Library/Desktop Pictures/Monterey Graphic.heic.
shouldShowQuitMenu (bool): Show Quit in the menu item menu. Default value: true
shouldShowAboutMenu (bool): Show the About Menu item menu. Default value: true
shouldShowPreferencesOnStart (bool): Show Settings on start if none are defined. Default value: false
username (string): When a user uses cloud login, XCreds will try and figure out the local username based on the email or other data returned for the IdP. Use this value to force the local username for any cloud login. Provide only the shortname.
passwordChangeURL (string): Add a menu item for changing the password that will open this URL when the menu item is selected.
idpHostName (string): hostname of the page that has the password field. When the user submits the form, XCreds will use idpHostName to identify a page it needs to look for the password field. The password value is identified by an HTML id defined by
passwordElementID. If this value is not defined. XCreds will look for
accounts.google.com. This value is commonly set for other IdP’s and for Azure environments that use ADFS.
map_firstname (string): Local DS to OIDC Mapping for First Name. Default value: “given_name”. map_firstname should be set to an OIDC claim for first name.
map_lastname (string): Local DS to OIDC Mapping for Last Name. Default value: “family_name”. map_lastname should be set to an OIDC claim for last name.
map_fullname (string): Local DS to OIDC Mapping for Full Name. Default value: “name”. map_fullname should be set to an OIDC claim for full name.
map_username (string): Local DS to OIDC Mapping for Name. Default value: “name”. map_username should be set to an OIDC claim for name.
changing “passwordID” to the correct element ID. If the value you typed into the textfield is returned, this is the correct ID.
See the video on Youtube
Please join the #xcreds MacAdmins Slack channel for any questions you have. Paid support is available from Twocanoes Software.
Special thanks to North Carolina State University and Everette Allen for supporting this project.
OIDCLite is Copyright (c) 2022 Joel Rennich (https://gitlab.com/Mactroll/OIDCLite) under MIT License.
XCreds is licensed under BSD Open Source License.